**Adamafio, N.A. Theobromine toxicity and remediation of cocoa by-products: an overview. J. Biol. Sci., vol. 13 (7), p. 570–576. (PostHarvestTheobromineToxicity 496KB)

**Adefila, J.O. Spatial Effects of Cocoa Production on Rural Economy in Idanre-Ifedore Area, Ondo State of Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, vol. 3, No. 2, p. 56-66, 2013. (Socio-EconomicRuralEconomy219KB)

**Adeogun, S.O., Fapojuwo, E.,O., Oyeyinka, R.A., Adamu, C.O., Abiona , B.J. Training needs assessment of cocoa farmers association members on soil management techniques in Cross River State of Nigeria, Ethiopian J. Environmental Studies Management, Vol. 6, p. 551-560, 2013. (Socio-EconomicTrainingAssessment272KB)

**Aderinto, S. Where is the boundary? Cocoa conflict, land tenure, and politics in western Nigeria, 1890s—1960. J. Social History, vol. 47, p. 176-195, 2013. (Socio-EconomicLandTenureConflict1.49MB) **Ahmad, F., Daud, W.M.A.W., Ahmad, M.A., Radzi, R., Azmi, A.A. The effects of CO2 activation, on porosity and surface functional groups of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) – Shell based activated carbon. J. Environ. Chem. Eng., vol. 1 (3), p. 378-388, 2013. (PostharvestCarbonActivation1.3MB)

**Alves, R.M., Silva, C.R.S., Silva, M.S.C., Silva, D.C.S., Sebbenn, A.M. Genetic diversity in Brasilian Amazon collections of cupuassu tree germplasm [Theobroma grandiflorum (Willd. ex Spreng.) Schum]. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, vol. 35 (3), p. 818-828, 2013. (Genomics&PhysiologyCupuassuDiversity390KB)

**Andrade, B.S.; Villela-Dias, C.; Gomes, D.S.; Micheli, F.; Góes, N.A. DNA and RNA polymerase activity in a Moniliophthora perniciosa mitochondrial plasmid and self-defense against oxidative stress. Genetics Molecular Res., vol. 12 (2); p. 1944-1950. (Diseases&PestsMoniliophthora305KB)

**Anita-Sari, I.; Susilo, A.W. Investigation of different characters of stomata on three cocoa clones with resistance level difference to VSD (Vascular Streak dieback) disease. Journal of agricultural science and technology, vol. 3 (9); 703-710, 2013. (Diseases&PestsVSDResistance519KB)

**Beppu, F., Nagai, T., Yoshinaga, K., Mizobe, H., Kojima, K, Gotoh, N. Quantification of triacylglycerol molecular species in cocoa butter using high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with nano quantity analyte detector. J. Oleo Sci., vol. 62 (10), p. 789-94, 2013. (PostHarvestButterTAGquantification568KB)

**Calderón-Garcidueñas, L., Mora-Tiscareño, A., Franco-Lira, M., Cross, J.V., Engle, R., Aragón-Flores, M., Gómez-Garza, G., Jewells, V., Medina-Cortina, H., Solorio, E., Chao, C.K., Zhu, H., Mukherjee, P.S., Ferreira-Azevedo, L., Torres-Jardón, R., D’Angiulli A. Flavonol-rich dark cocoa significantly decreases plasma endothelin-1 and improves cognition in urban children. Front. Pharmacol. 2013 Aug 22; 4:104. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2013.00104. (HumanNutritionFlavanolEndothelin2.7MB)

**Castellan, C.S., Bedran-Russo, A.K., Antunes, A., Pereira, P.N. Effect of dentin biomodification using naturally derived collagen cross-linkers: one-year bond strength study. Int. J. Dentistry, vol. 2013:918010. doi: 10.1155/2013/918010. Epub 2013 Aug 27. (HumanNutritionDentalHealth555KB)

**Chan, S.-Y., Choo, W.-S. Effect of extraction conditions on the yield and chemical properties of pectin from cocoa husks. Food Chemistry, vol. 141 (4), p. 3752-3758, 2013. (PostharvestHuskPectin290KB)

**Codjoe, F.N.Y., Ocansey, C.K., Boateng, D.O., Ofori, J. Climate change awareness and coping strategies of cocoa farmers in rural Ghana. J. Biol. Agriculture Healthcare, vol. 3, p. 19-29, 2013. (Environment&SustainabilityClimateChangeGhana819KB)

**Cruz, J.F.; Leite, P.B.; Soares, S.E.; Bispo, E.D. Assessment of the fermentative process from different cocoa cultivars produced in Southern Bahia, Brazil. African J. Biotechnol., vol. 12, p. 5218-5225, 2013. (Diseases&PestsWitchesBroomResistance 510KB)

**Dano, S.D., Manda, P., Dembélé, A., Abla, A.M.-J.K., Bibaud, J.H., Gouet, J.Z., Sika, C.B.Z.M. Influence of fermentation and drying materials on the contamination of cocoa beans by Ochratoxin A. Toxins, vol. 5 (12), p. 2310-2323, 2013. (PostHarvestDryingOchratoxin1.65MB)

**Díaz-José, O.; Aguilar-Ávila, J.; Rendón-Medel, R.; Santoyo-Cortés, V.H. Current state of and perspectives on cocoa production in Mexico. Ciencia Investigación Agrarian, vol. 40(2), p. 279-289, 2013. (Diseases&PestsFrostyPodEconomics1.5MB)

**Ebewore, S.O. Cocoa farmer field school graduate farmers perceived benefits of FFS training in Ondo State, Nigeria. Asian J. Agricultual Sciences, vol. 5, p. 74-82, 2013. (Socio-EconomicFarmerSchool173KB)

**Etxeberria, U., Fernández-Quintela, A., Milagro, F.I., Aguirre, L., Martínez, J.A. Portillo, M.P. Impact of polyphenols and polyphenol-rich dietary sources on gut microbiota composition. J. Agricultural Food Chem., vol. 61 (40), p. 9517-9533, 2013 (HumanNutritionPolyphenolsGutBiota299KB)

**Fageria, N.K., Ferreira, E.P.B., Baligar, V.C., Knupp, A.M. Growth of tropical legume cover crops as influenced by nitrogen fertilization and Rhizobia. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., vol. 44, p. 3103-3119, 2013. (Genomics&PhysiologyNitrogenCoverCrops 665KB)

**Fahmid, I.M. Cocoa Farmers Performance at Highland Area in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Asian J. Agriculture Rural Development, vol. 3, p. 360-370, 2013 (Socio-EconomicFarmerPerformance180KB)

**Franco, R., Oñatibia-Astibia, A., Martínez-Pinilla, E. Health benefits of methylxanthines in cacao and chocolate. Nutrients, vol. 5 (10), p. 4159-4173, 2013. (HumanNutritionHealthBenefitsReview291KB)

**Gallo, M., Vinci. G., Graziani, G., De Simone, C., Ferranti, P. The interaction of cocoa polyphenols with milk proteins studied by proteomic techniques. Food Res. International, vol. 54l, p. 406-415, 2013. (PostHarvestPolyphenolMilkProtein1.23MB)

**Igbinadolor, R.O., Onilude, A.A. Bioprocess systems applied for the production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass of cocoa pod husk (Theobroma cacao L.) and other agricultural residues: A review. African J. Biotechnology, vol. 12, p. 5375-5388, 2013. (PostHarvestHuskBioethanol786KB)

**Isaac, M.E., Anglaaere, L.C.N. An in situ approach to detect tree root ecology: Linking ground-penetrating radar imaging to isotope-derived water acquisition zones. Ecology and Evolution, vol. 3 (5), p. 1330-1339, 2013. (Genomics&PhysiologyRootEcology743KB)

**Kadow, D., Bohlmann, J., Mora, W.P., Rohn, S., Lieberei, R. Cacao fine aroma components: Identification in two genotypes of the cocoa tree. Deutsche Lebensmittel-Rundschau, vol. 109 (10), p. 515-519, 2013. (PostharvestFineFlavor619KB)

**Khan, N., Monagas, M., , Andres-Lacueva, C., Casas, R., Urpí-Sardà, M., Lamuela-Raventós, R.M., Estruch, R. Regular consumption of cocoa powder with milk increases HDL cholesterol and reduces oxidized LDL levels in subjects at high-risk of cardiovascular disease. Nutrition Metabolism Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 22 (12), p. 1046–1053, 2012. (HumanNutritionCholesterolMilk257KB)

**Kothe, L., Zimmermann, B.F., Galensa, R. Temperature influences epimerization and composition of flavanols monomers, dimmers and trimers during cocoa bean roasting. Food Chemistry, vol. 141, p. 3656-3663, 2013. (PostHarvestRoastingFlavanolCompositon535KB)

**Krauss, U., ten Hoopen, M., Rees, R., Stirrup, T., Argyle, T., George, A., Arroyo, C., Corrales, E. Mycoparasitism by Clonostachys byssicola and Clonostachy rosea on Trichoderma spp. from cocoa (Theobroma cacao) and implication for the design of mixed biocontrol agents. Biological Control, vol. 67 (3), p. 317-327, 2013. (Diseases&PestsBiocontrolClonostachys756KB)

**Krishnamoorthy, C., Rajamani, K. Effect of fertigation through drip and micro sprinkler on plant biometric characters in cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 16 (24), p. 1950-1956, 2013. (Genomics&PhysiologyBiometricsFertigation429KB)

**Lima, E.M., Pereira, N.E., Pires, J.L., Barbosa, A.M.M., Corrêa, R.X. Genetic molecular diversity, production and resistance to witches’ broom in cacao clones [Diversidade genética molecular, produção e resistência à vassoura-de-bruxa em clones de cacau]. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, vol. 13 (2), p. 127-135, 2013. (Diseases&PestsWitchesBroomResistance365KB)

**Lisboa, J.T., Couto, E.C.G., Santos, P.P., Delabie, J.H.C., Araujo, P.B. Terrestrial isopods (Crustacea: Isopoda: Oniscidea) in termite nests (Blattodea: Termitidae) in a cocoa plantation in Brazil. Biota Neotrop., vol. 13(3), p. 303-397, 2013. (Environment&SustainabilityBiodiversityIsopods737KB)

**Malan, B.B. Volatility and stabilization of the price of coffee and cocoa in Côte d’Ivoire. Agricultural Economics (Zemedelská Ekonomika), vol. 59(7), p. 333-340, 2013. (Socio-EconomicPriceVolatility434KB)

**Massot-Cladera, M., Franch, A., Castellote, C., Castell, M., Pérez-Cano, F.J. Cocoa flavonoid-enriched diet modulates systemic and intestinal immunoglobulin synthesis in adult lewis rats. Nutrients, vol. 5(8), p. 3272-86, 2013. (HumanNutritionPolyphenolsImmunity1.2MB)

**Mattia, C.D., Martuscelli, M., Sacchetti, G., Scheirlinck, I., Beheydt, B., Mastrocola, D.; Pittia, P. Effect of fermentation and drying on procyanidins, antiradical activity and reducing properties of cocoa beans. Food Bioprocess Technol., vol. 6 (12), p. 3420-3432, 2013. (PostHarvestProcyanidinsEffect480KB)

**Melnick, R.L. Strem, M.D., Crozier, J., Sicher, R.C., Bailey, B.A. Molecular and metabolic changes of cherelle wilt of cacao and its effect on Moniliophthora roreri. Physiol. Molec. Plant Pathol., vol. 84 (1), p. 153-162, 2013. (Diseases&PestsCherelleWilt1.13MB)

**Moreira, I.M.; Miguel, M.G.; Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Schwan, R.F. Microbial succession and the dynamics of metabolites and sugars during the fermentation of three different cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) hybrids. Food Research International, vol. 54 (1), p. 9-17, 2013. (PostHarvestFermentation1.02MB)

**Motilal, L.A., Zhang, D., Mischke, S., Meinhardt, L.W., Umaharan, P. Microsatellite-aided detection of genetic redundancy improves management of the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Tree Genetics and Genomes, vol. 9 (6), p. 1395-1411, 2103. (Genomics&PhysiologyICG,TGeneticRedundancy578KB)

**Munir, K.M., Chandrasekaran, S., Gao, F., Quon, M.J. Mechanisms for food polyphenols to ameliorate insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction: therapeutic implications for diabetes and its cardiovascular complications. Amer. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab., vol. 305, p. E679-E686, 2013. (HumanNutritionInsulinResistance108KB)

**Nascimento, M. da S., Pena, P.O., Brum, D.M., Imazaki, F.T., Tucci, M.L., Efraim, P. Behavior of Salmonella during fermentation, drying and storage of cocoa beans. Int. J. Food Microbiol., vol. 167 (3), p. 363-368, 2013. (PostHarvestFermentationSalmonella333MB)

**Netea, S.A., Janssen, S.A., Jaeger, M., Jansen, T., Jacobs, L., Miller-Tomaszewska, G., Plantinga, T.S., Netea, M.G., Joosten, L.A. Chocolate consumption modulates cytokine production in healthy individuals. Cytokine, vol. 62(1), p. 40-3, 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2013.02.003. Epub 2013 Mar 1. (HumanNutritionCytokine Acne309KB)

**Patrizia Carrieri, M., Lions, C., Sogni, P., Winnock, M., Roux, P., Mora, M., Bonnard, P., Salmon, D., Dabis, F., Spire, B. Association between elevated coffee consumption and daily chocolate intake with normal liver enzymes in HIV-HCV infected individuals: results from the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH cohort study. J. Hepatol. 2013 Aug 23. pii: S0168-8278(13)00608-9. doi:10.1016/j.jhep.2013.08.014. [Epub ahead of print]. (HumanNutritionHIVLiverEnzymes 2.2MB)

**Peralta-Jiménez, L., Cañizares-Macías, M.P. Ultrasound-assisted method for extraction of theobromine and caffeine from cacao seeds and chocolate products. Food Bioprocess Technol., vol. 6 (12), p. 3522-3529, 2013. (PostHarvestUltrasoundTheobromineExtraction166KB)

**Permani, R. Optimal export tax rates of cocoa beans: A vector error correction model approach. Australian J. Agricultural Resource Economics, vol. 57 (4), p. 579-600, 2013. (Socio-EconomicExportTax403KB)

**Pucciarelli, D.L. Cocoa and heart health: A historical review of the science. Nutrients, vol. 5 (10), p. 3854-3870, 2013. (HumanNutritionHeartHealthReview255KB)

**Quiñones Gálvez, J., Trujillo Sánchez, R., Capdesuñer Ruiz, Y., Quirós Molina, Y. Potencial de actividad antioxidante de extractos fenólicos de Theobroma cacao L. (cacao) Antioxidant potential of phenolic extracts of Theobroma cacao L. (cocoa). Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales, vol. 18, p. 201-215, 2013. (HumanNutritionPhenolicExtract305KB)

**Ramirez-Sanchez, I., Taub, P.R., Ciaraldi, T.P., Nogueira, L., Coe, T., Perkins, G., Hogan, M., Maisel, A.S., Henry, R.R., Ceballos, G., Villarreal, F. (-)-Epicatechin rich cocoa mediated modulation of oxidative stress regulators in skeletal muscle of heart failure and type 2 diabetes patients. International J. Cardiology, vol. 168 (4), p. 3982-3990, 2013. (HumanNutritionEpicatechinDiabetes1.39MB)

**Renzo, L.D., Rizzo, M., Sarlo, F., Colica, C., Iacopino, L., Domino, E., Sergi, D., Lorenzo, A.D. Effects of dark chocolate in a population of normal weight obese women: A pilot study. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, vol. 17 (16), p. 2257-2266, 2013. (HumanNutritionObesity214KB)

**Saj, S., Jagoret, P., Todem Ngogue, H. Carbon storage and density dynamics of associated trees in three contrasting Theobroma cacao agroforests of Central Cameroon. Agroforestry Systems, pp. 1-12, 2013. Article in Press DOI:10.1007/s10457-013-9639-4 (Environment&SustainabilityCarbon499KB)

**Salehan, N.M., Meon, S., Ismail, I.S. Antifungal activity of cosmos caudatus extracts against seven economically important plant pathogens. International J. Agric. Biol., vol. 15 (5), p. 864-870, 2013. (Diseases&PestsPhytophthoraAntifungal486KB)

**Scholey, A., Owen, L. Effect of chocolate on cognitive function and mood: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, vol. 71 (10), p. 665-681, 2013. (HumanNutritionCognitiveFunctionReview248)

**Silva, E.N., Perfecto, I. Coexistence of aphid predators in cacao plants: Does ant-aphid mutualism play a role? Sociobiology, vol. 60 ( 3 ), p. 259-265, 2013. (Diseases&PestsAphidControl1.23MB)

**Soleimani, M., Dehghani, S., Mahdivand, A., Nematallahi, Z., Javdan, F., Abtin, A., Saffari, S. Effect of short term consumption of cocao on platelet factors (Plt, MPV, PDW) in male athletes following one session incremental exhaustive exercise. Internat. J. Spot Studies, vol. 3, p. 319-326, 2013. (HumanNutritionAtheletePlatelets144KB)

**Souza, V.L., de Almeida, A.-A.F., de S. Souza, J., Mangabeira, P.A.O., de Jesus, R.M., Pirovani, C.P., Ahnert, D., Baligar, V.C., Loguercio, L.L. Altered physiology, cell structure, and gene expression of Theobroma cacao seedlings subjected to Cu toxicity. Environmental Science Pollution Research, 2013. DOI:10.1007/s11356-013-1983-4, Article in Press. (Genomics&PhysiologyCuToxicity1.1MB)

**Suzuki, K., Nakagawa, K., Miyazawa, T., Kato, S., Kimura, F., Kamei, M., Miyazawa, T. Oxidative stress during development of alcoholic fatty liver: therapeutic potential of cacao polyphenol. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., vol. 77(8), p. 1792-4. (HumanNutritionAntioxidantAlcoholicLiver94KB)

**Yakala, G.K., Wielinga, P.Y., Suarez, M., Bunschoten, A., van Golde, J.M., Arola, L., Keijer, J., Kleemann, R., Kooistra, T., Heeringa, P. Effects of chocolate supplementation on metabolic and cardiovascular parameters in ApoE3L mice fed a high-cholesterol atherogenic diet. Mol. Nutr.Food Res. 2013 Aug 15. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201200858. [Epub.] (HumanNutritionAtherosclerosis1.0MB)

**Yamada, M.M., Pires, J.L., Faleiro, F.G., Lopes, U.V., Macedo, M.M. Agronomic performance of 27 cocoa progenies and plant selection based on productivity, self-compatibility and disease resistance. Revista Ceres, vol. 60 (4), p. 514-518, 2013. (Genomics&PhysiologySelectionPerformance27KB)

These categorized articles are available at the indicated affiliation address:


Camillo, L.R., Filadelfo, C.R., Monzani, P.S., Corrêa, R.X., Gramacho, K.P., Micheli, F., Pirovani, C.P.  Tc-cAPX, a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase of Theobroma cacao L. engaged in the interaction with Moniliophthora perniciosa, thecausing agent of witches’ broom disease. (2013) Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 73, pp. 254-265. AFFILIATIONS: Centro de Biotecnologia e Genética, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz – UESC, Rodovia Jorge Amado Km 16, 45662-900 Ilhéus, BA, Brazil; KEYWORDS: Ascorbate peroxidase-related (APX-R);  Enzyme activity;  Enzyme characterization;  Hydrogen peroxide;  Oxidative stress;  Recombinant protein

Dzahini-Obiatey, H., Fox, R.T.V., Adomako, B., Aculey, P.C., Ameyaw, G.A., Domfeh, O. Profiling CSSV-resistance of some cocoa cultivars in Ghana. (2013) Acta Horticulturae, 1007, pp. 691-698. AFFILIATIONS: Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, PO Box 8, Akim Tafo, Ghana; KEYWORDS: Breeding;  Cocoa cultivars;  CSSV;  QPCR;  Resistance;  Screening; Conference Paper

Mazón, M., Díaz, F., Gaviria, J.C. Effectiveness of different trap types for control of bark and ambrosia beetles (Scolytinae) in Criollo cacao farms of Mérida, Venezuela.(2013) International Journal of Pest Management, 59 (3), pp. 189-196. AFFILIATIONS: Laboratorio de Ecología de Insectos, Departamento de Biología, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela; KEYWORDS: ambrosia beetles;  bottle traps;  cacao wilt;  Ceratocystis cacaofunesta;  Criollo cacao;  funnel traps;  Xyleborini


Koko, L.K., Snoeck, D., Lekadou, T.T., Assiri, A.A. Cacao-fruit tree intercropping effects on cocoa yield, plant vigour and light interception in Côte d’Ivoire. (2013) Agroforestry Systems, 87 (5), pp. 1043-1052. AFFILIATIONS: CNRA Divo, Programme Cacao, BP 808, Divo, Cote d’Ivoire; CIRAD, UPR Systèmes de pérennes, 34398 Montpellier, France; KEYWORDS: Agroforestry;  Incident light;  Planting distance

Leuschner, C., Moser, G., Hertel, D., Erasmi, S.c , Leitner, D., Culmsee, H., Schuldt, B., Schwendenmann, L. Conversion of tropical moist forest into cacao agroforest: Consequences for carbon pools and annual C sequestration. (2013) Agroforestry Systems, 87 (5), pp. 1173-1187. AFFILIATIONS: Plant Ecology, Albrecht-von-Haller Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073 Göttingen, Germany; KEYWORDS: Land use change;  Net ecosystem production;  Root biomass;  Soil organic carbon

Mund, J.-P. Small-scale coco production in West Africa – Chances and potentials of sustainable agro’ forest systems [Kleinbäuerliche kakaoproduktion in Westafrika: Chancen und nutzen nachhaltiger agroforstsysteme]. (2013) Geographische Rundschau, 65 (9), pp. 28-34. AFFILIATIONS: Fachgebiet GIS und Fernerkundung, Hochschule für Nachhaltige Entwicklung Eberswalde, Alfred-Möller-Straße 1, 16225 Eberswalde, Germany


Adler, P., Bolten, C.J., Dohnt, K., Hansen, C.E., Wittmann, C. Core fluxome and metafluxome of lactic acid bacteria under simulated cocoa pulp fermentation conditions.(2013) Applied Environmental Microbiology, 79 (18), pp. 5670-5681. AFFILIATIONS: Institute of Biochemical Engineering, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany; Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland

Crafack, M., Mikkelsen, M.B., Saerens, S., Knudsen, M., Blennow, A., Lowor, S., Takrama, J., Swiegers, J.H., Petersen, G.B., Heimdal, H., Nielsen, D.S. Influencing cocoa flavour using Pichia kluyveri and Kluyveromyces marxianus in a defined mixed starter culture for cocoa fermentation. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Food Science, Section for Food Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; KEYWORDS: Cocoa flavour;  Kluyveromyces marxianus;  PFGE;  Pichia kluyveri;  Starter culture

Di Mattia, C., Martuscelli, M., Sacchetti, G., Scheirlinck, I., Beheydt, B., Mastrocola, D., Pittia, P. Effect of Fermentation and Drying on Procyanidins, Antiradical Activity and Reducing Properties of Cocoa Beans. (2013) Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6 (12), pp. 3420-3432. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Food Science, University of Teramo, Via Carlo Raffaele Lerici 1, 64023 Mosciano S. Angelo, Teramo, Italy; KEYWORDS: FRAP;  Procyanidins;  TEAC;  TPI

Gu, F., Fang, Y., Xu, F., Chu, Z., Lu, S., Tan, L. Effect of fermentation methods and extraction conditions on polyphenols content of Hainan cocoa. (2013) Journal of Chinese Institute of Food Science and Technology, 13 (8), pp. 268-273. AFFILIATIONS: Spice and Beverage Research Institute, CATAS, Wanning 571533, Hainan, China; KEYWORDS: Accelerated solvent extraction (ASE);  HPLC;  Polyphenols

Hue, C., Gunata, Z., Bergounhou, A., Assemat, S., Boulanger, R., Sauvage, F.X., Davrieux, F. Near infrared spectroscopy as a new tool to determine cocoa fermentation levels through ammonia nitrogen quantification. AFFILIATIONS: Valrhona SA, 8 quai du Général de Gaulle, 26600 Tain l’Hermitage, France; KEYWORDS: Ammonia nitrogen;  Cocoa;  Conway;  Fermentation;  Near-infrared spectroscopy

Peralta-Jiménez, L., Cañizares-Macías, M.P.  Ultrasound-Assisted Method for Extraction of Theobromine and Caffeine from Cacao Seeds and Chocolate Products. (2013) Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6 (12), pp. 3522-3529. AFFILIATIONS: Departamento de Química Analítica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F., 04510, Mexico.

Teye, E., Huang, X., Dai, H., Chen, Q. Rapid differentiation of Ghana cocoa beans by FT-NIR spectroscopy coupled with multivariate classification. (2013) Spectrochimica Acta – Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 114, pp. 183-189. AFFILIATIONS: School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Xuefu Road 301, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, China; Department of Agricultural Engineering, School of Agriculture, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana; KEYWORDS: Ghana cocoa beans;  Near infrared spectroscopy;  Support vector machine


Gockowski, J., Afari-Sefa, V., Sarpong, D.B., Osei-Asare, Y.B., Agyeman, N.F. Improving the productivity and income of Ghanaian cocoa farmers while maintaining environmental services: What role for certification? (2013) International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 11 (4), pp. 331-346. AFFILIATIONS:  STCP, IITA, House No. 18, Okine St., East Legon Ambassadorial Area, P., Legon, Accra, Ghana; KEYWORDS: cocoa agroforestry;  cost-benefit analysis;  ecosystem services;  fertilizer subsidy;  intensification;  land sharing;  land sparing;  sustainable production

Loveman, K. The introduction of chocolate into England: Retailers, researchers, and consumers, 1640-1730. (2013) Journal of Social History, 47 (1), art. no. sht050, pp. 27-46. AFFILIATION: School of English, Univ.Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK

Lyne, M.C. Revitalised marketing cooperatives in Papua New Guinea: A weak link in the agricultural development strategy? (2013) Acta Horticulturae, 1006, pp. 231-238. AFFILIATIONS: Lincoln University, Lincoln, New Zealand. KEYWORDS: Collective marketing;  Legislation;  Policy;  Smallholders

Sofoluwe, N.A., Tijani, A.A., Kareem, R.O. Socio-economic factors influencing the use of botanicals in cocoa pest management. (2013) Thai Journal of Agricultural Science, 46 (1), pp. 29-35. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun state, Nigeria; KEYWORDS: Adoption;  Neem;  Probit;  Siam weed;  Tobacco


Buscicchio, G., Lorenzi, S., Tranquilli, A.L. The effects of different concentrations of cocoa in the chocolate intaken by the mother on fetal heart rate. (2013) Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 26 (15), pp. 1465-1467. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Clinical Sciences, Università Politecnica Marche, Salesi Hospital, Via F. Corridoni 11, 60123 Ancona (AN), Italy. KEYWORDS: FHR monitoring;  Nutrition in pregnancy;  Theobromine

Grassi, D., Desideri, G., Ferri, C. Protective effects of dark chocolate on endothelial function and diabetes. (2013) Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. Article in Press. AFFILIATION: Davide Grassi, University of L’Aquila Department of Internal Medicine and Public Health, Viale S Salvatore, Delta 6 Medicina, 67100 Coppito, L’Aquila, Italy. E-mail

Kim, J., Lee, K.W., Lee, H.J. Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Seeds and Phytochemicals in Human Health. (2011) Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, pp. 351-360. AFFILIATIONS: Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea; Book Chapter

Mellor, D.D., Madden, L.A., Smith, K.A., Kilpatrick, E.S., Atkin, S.L.

High-polyphenol chocolate reduces endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress during acute transient hyperglycaemia in Type 2 diabetes: a pilot randomized controlled trial. (2013) Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association, 30 (4), pp. 478-483. AFFILIATIONS: Dept. Clinical Science, University of Chester, Chester, UK.

Pruijm, M., Hofmann, L., Charollais-thoenig, J., Forni, V., Maillard, M., Coristine, A., Stuber, M., Burnier, M., Vogt, B. Effect of dark chocolate on renal tissue oxygenation as measured by BOLD-MRI in healthy volunteers. (2013) Clinical Nephrology, 80 (3), pp. 211-217. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland,  KEYWORDS: Cocoa;  MRI;  Plasma renin activity;  Polyphenols;  Renal oxygenation

Radák, Z., Silye, G., Bartha, C., Jakus, J., Stefanovits-Bányai, T., Atalay, M.d Marton, O., Koltai, E. The effects of cocoa supplementation, caloric restriction, and regular exercise, on oxidative stress markers of brain and memory in the rat model. (2013) Food and Chemical Toxicology, 61, pp. 36-41. AFFILIATIONS: Research Institute for Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, KEYWORDS: Brain;  Caloric restriction;  Cocoa;  Exercise;  Free radicals;  Oxidative stress

Rodríguez-Ramiro, I., Ramos, S., Bravo, L., Goya, L., Martín, M.A. Procyanidin B2 induces Nrf2 translocation and glutathione S-transferase P1 expression via ERKs and p38-MAPK pathways and protect human colonic cells against oxidative stress. (2012) European Journal of Nutrition, 51 (7), pp. 881-892. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia de Alimentos y Nutricion (ICTAN-CSIC), José Antonio Novais 10, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. KEYWORDS: Cocoa flavonoids;  Glutathione enzymes;  Signalling pathways

Rosenberg, P.B., Tan, C.O. Cocoa, neurovascular coupling, and neurodegeneration the good, the bad, and the ugly. (2013) Neurology, 81 (10), pp. 863-864. AFFILIATION: Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD

Sokolov, A.N., Pavlova, M.A., Klosterhalfen, S., Enck, P. Chocolate and the brain: Neurobiological impact of cocoa flavanols on cognition and behavior. (2013) Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, . Article in Press. AFFILIATIONS: Department of Internal Medicine VI: Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Research Division, University of Tübingen Medical School, D 72076 Tübingen, Germany; KEYWORDS: Age- and disease-related decline;  Angiogenesis;  Anti-inflammatory;  Antioxidant;  Chocolate;  Cocoa flavanols;  Neurocognition;  Neurogenesis;  Neuromodulation;  Neuroprotection

Sorond, F.A., Hurwitz, S., Salat, D.H., Greve, D.N., Fisher, N.D.L. Neurovascular coupling, cerebral white matter integrity, and response to cocoa in older people. (2013) Neurology, 81 (10), pp. 904-909. Cited 1 time. AFFILIATIONS:Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension, Women’s Hospital, Brigham City, USA

West, S.G., McIntyre, M.D., Piotrowski, M.J., Poupin, N., Miller, D.S., Preston, A.G., Wagner, P., Groves, L.F., Skulas-Ray, A.C. Effects of dark chocolate and cocoa consumption on endothelial function and arterial stiffness in overweight adults. British Journal of Nutrition, doi:10.1017/S0007114513002912.  AFFILIATION: Dept. Biobehavioral Health, P.S.U., University Park, Pa, 16802. KEYWORD: Health

Wognin, S.B., Tchicaya, A.-F., Kouassi, Y.M., Koffi-Oura, S., Bonny, J.-S., Nemery, B. Allergy and cocoa: Immunological tests and air sampling in a cocoa bean processing plant in Ivory Coast [Allergie et cacao : tests immunologiques et échantillonnage atmosphérique dans une usine de transformation de fèves de cacao en Côte d'Ivoire]

(2013) Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement, . Article in Press.  AFFILIATIONS: Service de médecine du travail et pathologie professionnelle, CHU de Yopougon, 21 BP 632, Abidjan 21, Côte d’Ivoire;  KU Leuven, department of public health and primary care, Herestraat 49 (706), 3000 Leuven, Belgique. KEYWORDS: Air sampling;  Allergy;  Cocoa;  Dust;  Immunological tests


This is the final issue of the WCF Research Update.  The Virtual Research Library will resume on the WCF website, here.  WCF would like to thank Dr. Lumsden for his contributions.